Civic Archaeological Museum

Inside Palazzo Pretorio, a 13th-century building in the heart of the town, the museum contains mainly archaeological, paleontological, mineral and fossil finds from the territory of Montaione.

Montaione, Civic Archaeological Museum

The museum

The Civic Archaeological Museum is in Palazzo Pretorio, a 13th-century building with a façade decorated with the stone and ceramic coats of arms of the Tuscan families that governed Montaione for four centuries.

A visit to the archaeological section of the Civic Museum is an exploration of the history of a territory with a wealth of very interesting paleontological and archaeological finds, evidence of Etruscan and Roman settlements. Particularly important are the traces of glass and ceramics manufacturing activities, which played a significant role in the territory’s economy, tied to the presence of raw materials and wood.

The museum visit follows a chronological path, beginning with the Montaione whale fossil at the entrance, moving on to Etruscan objects, and finally, finds from the Bellafonte site, the Roman aqueduct of Muraccio and the mosaics from Sant’Antonio zone.

Don't miss

Works by great masters, multimedia reconstructions with voices and stories from the territory and the communities it hosts, archaeological finds and historical arts and crafts: every museum in the area offers great little stories to discover.


Stele of the Warrior

The upper part of a Volterra-style funerary stele in travertine, dating to the late 6th century B.C.

It was found set into the wall of a stall in a farmhouse at La Collina (Montaione).

The deceased is depicted as a hoplitic warrior armed with a lance, a round shield and a crested helmet decorated with a meander-motif band.

The inscription, written right-to-left, engraved on the edge of the slab indicates the name of the deceased, Lauχusieś Kurteś.
mi lauχusieś kurteś ma.
The shield bears an engraving of a numeral indicating the deceased man’s age at the time of his death
↑ = 50, from which we must subtract III = 3.
The deceased must have been around 47 years old.


Funerary urn

A tufa funerary urn from a small chamber tomb found at Castelfalfi, near Rignano, dating to the second half of the 2ndcentury B.C.
On the lid is the figure of the deceased woman lying down, with her left arm resting on two cushions, holding a pomegranate in her right hand. The chest is in the form of a parallelepiped set on four small feet; the front bears a depiction of a “funerary farewell”; on the left side is a female figure in profile taking leave of a man; and on the right side, Charon, the ferryman of souls, with his hammer resting on his shoulder.


Whale fossil

“Balaena Montalionis”
The fossil remains (ribs and lower vertebrae) of a whale found at Castelfalfi, dating to around three and a half million years ago, immediately highlight the fact that this area was originally under the sea. The whale was called “Montalionis” since, like another fossil find, a cranium, preserved at the Museum of Natural History of Calci, it presented peculiar characteristics not found in other whale fossils in Tuscany. The absence of the cranium in this exemplar made it impossible to determine the species.

The land

Nestled in the Tuscan countryside, Montaione is an enchanting hamlet – named one of Italy’s most beautiful villages – that maintains its original medieval layout and also boasts a series of contemporary artworks.

Montaione is an enchanting medieval hamlet nestled in the Tuscan countryside in the province of Florence, in the Valdelsa zone, a touristic area known as “Tuscany at Heart.” Set on a lovely hilltop, it offers picturesque views over woods, vineyards and olive groves, and all the atmosphere of an authentic Tuscan town.

It’s a perfect base for excursions around Tuscany; from here it’s easy to make day trips to the region’s main cities.

This historic center has maintained its original medieval layout; listed as one of Italy’s most beautiful villages, it also boasts a series of contemporary artworks. The entire territory, with a network of around 100 km of hiking trails, offers noteworthy historical and artistic sites, like museums, the 3rd-century Roman cistern, the village of Castelfalfi, and the sanctuary of the Madonna of Pietrina.

  • Archaeology
  • Art
  • Memories
  • Sciences & Technics


find your museum

Useful information


Civic Archaeological Museum
(Museo Civico Archeologico)
Via Cresci, 17-19
50050 – Montaione (FI)
tel. +39 0571 699255 – 699267

Opening hours

summer season
(from April 1 to October 31)

4 pm – 7 pm

10 am – 1 pm


winter season
(from May 16 to September 15)

also Sunday
10 am- 1 pm



Individual ticket
Regular: 2,00 €
Reduced: 1,00 €


Combined ticket
(including the “Jerusalem” of San Vivaldo)

Regular: 6,00
Reduced: 4,00 

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